African American Migration to California

This lesson plan will allow students to connect to the stories and lives of people who made the choice or were forced to come to California. This lesson is designed as a supplement to foundational lessons about the westward migration during the 19th century. This lesson focuses on linking J.L. Edmonds and his Los Angeles Liberator newspaper with the colonization efforts of Colonel Allensworth and residents of Fresno County’s Boles (Fowler) African American community pictured in the Hutchinson Collection in connection to the recent exhibit at the California African American Museum, California Bound: Slavery on the New Frontier. 

18David JenningsFowler1914Hutchinson265.

Fresno County Historical Society Archives. 

LESSON AND INTRODUCTORY MATERIAL

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LESSON PLAN - African American Migration to California
Fresno County Historical Society.

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Assessment Rubric for Narrative

PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SOURCES

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Link

California Bound: Slavery on the New Frontier, 1848–1865

a California African American Museum Exhibition curated by: Tyree Boyd-Pates, History Curator and Program Manager, and Taylor Bythewood-Porter, Assistant History Curator

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The Lesser-Known History of Slavery in California:

California Bound recounts a tumultuous history of mass migration, displacement, and litigation that led to the establishment of California’s earliest African American communities, by Abe Ahn

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California's Black Pioneers The "Old Timers"

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The J.L. Edmonds Project

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Abolitionist Leader William Lloyd Garrison - The Abolitionists, American Experience, PBS

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Allensworth: California’s First Black Community, History.net

The Hutchinson Collection: More Questions than Answers, by Russell C. Fry, Fresno-Past & Present Journal, Fall/Winter 1982

The Hutchinson Glass Plate Negative Collection, 1914. Click on the image to view larger. 
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Three generations of women, Hutchinson Collection
Three generations of women, Hutchinson Collection

Children play under eucalyptus, Hutchinson Collection
Children play under eucalyptus, Hutchinson Collection

Men with bicycles, Hutchinson Collection
Men with bicycles, Hutchinson Collection

Describe your image

Three generations of women, Hutchinson Collection
Three generations of women, Hutchinson Collection

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Securing Satisfaction: African American Community Building in Fowler, California from 1890-1930

Biography of David Jennings by Ruth Lang, Fresno County Historical Society 

The Transplantation of African Americans and Cotton Culture to California's Rural San Joaquin Valley by Michael Eissinger

African American Communities in Central California by Michael Eissinger

Introduction to Settlement of Fresno County - Migration & Immigration, Fresno County Historical Society